phases handling process of complex societal problems and issues

Compram method (DeTombe, 1994)

mental idea


The second phase in the problem handling process is extending the mental idea by reflecting and researching by hearing, thinking, reading, discussing, talking and asking questions about the problem. This is often done by those people who are affected by the problem. Discussion groups form and may become action groups in order to create power. Examples of action groups include the feminist action groups of the 1970s and 1980s, homosexual emancipation groups and environmental awareness groups. These action groups attempt to gain the attention of the people that eventually have to handle the problem. They do this by emphasizing the problem by demonstrations and other direct action in order to get the attention of the media and through this to put pressure on the political process. The step from awareness of a societal problem by a special group to putting it on the political agenda can be a long and hard struggle and a critical mass is often needed.


Prof. Dr. Dorien J. DeTombe
Founder and Chair International - , Euro - , West-Euro- & Dutch Operational Research Research Group Methodology of Societal Complexity
Sichuan University, Chengdu, P.R. China
Chair International Research Society on Methodology of Societal Complexity
多莉恩德通教授 华人民共和国四川省成都市 一环南路一段24 四川大学
Amsterdam, The Netherlands, EuropeTel: +31 20 6927526